Genital HPV Infection
What is genital HPV infection?
HPV is the most common sexual transmitted disease in the United States.
Genital human papillomavirus (also called HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). There are more than 40 types of HPV that can infect the genital areas of males and females. These HPV types can also infect the mouth and throat.
HPV can cause serious health problems, including genital warts and certain cancers. There is no certain way to tell who will develop health problems from HPV and who will not. In most cases HPV goes away by itself before it causes any health problems, and most people who become infected with HPV do not even know they have it.
HPV is not the same as herpes or HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). Both viruses can be passed on during sex, but they have different symptoms and cause different health problems.
Who is at risk for HPV?
Anyone who is having (or has ever had) sex can get HPV. HPV is so common that nearly all sexually-active men and women get it at some point in their lives. This is true even for people who only have sex with one person in their lifetime.
How do people get HPV?
HPV is passed on through genital contact, most often during vaginal and anal sex. HPV may also be passed on during oral sex and genital-to-genital contact. HPV can be passed on between straight and same-sex partners—even when the infected person has no signs or symptoms.
Most infected persons do not realize they are infected, or that they are passing HPV on to a sex partner. A person can still have HPV, even if years have passed since he or she has had sexual contact with an infected person. It is also possible to get more than one type of HPV.
In rare circumstances, a pregnant woman with genital HPV can pass the HPV on to her baby during delivery.
What are the potential health problems caused by HPV?
Most people with HPV never develop symptoms or health problems. Most HPV infections (90%) go away by themselves within two years. But, sometimes, HPV infections will persist and can cause a variety of serious health problems. Health problems that can be caused by HPV include
• Genital warts (warts on the genital areas);
• Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), a rare condition in which warts grow in the throat;
• Cervical cancer, cancer on a woman’s cervix; and
• Other, less common, but serious cancers, including genital cancers (cancer of the vulva, vagina, penis, or anus), and a type of head and neck cancer called oropharyngeal cancer (cancer in the back of throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).
All cases of genital warts and RRP, and nearly all cases of cervical cancer, are caused by HPV. A subset of cancers of the vagina, vulva, anus, penis, and oropharynx, are caused by HPV.
The types of HPV that can cause genital warts are not the same as the types of HPV that can cause cancers.
Signs and symptoms of health problems caused by HPV:
Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower. Healthcare providers can usually diagnose warts by looking at the genital area. Warts can appear within weeks or months after sexual contact with an infected partner—even if the infected partner has no signs of genital warts. If left untreated, genital warts might go away, remain unchanged, or increase in size or number. The types of HPV that can cause genital warts are not the same as the types of HPV that can cause cancers.
Cervical cancer usually does not cause symptoms until it is quite advanced. For this reason, it is important for women to get regular screening for cervical cancer. Screening tests can find early signs of disease so that problems can be treated early, before they ever turn into cancer.
Other cancers caused by HPV might not have signs or symptoms until they are advanced and hard to treat. Other HPV-associated cancers include some cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx.
RRP is a condition in which warts grow in the throat. RRP can occur in children (juvenile-onset) and adults (adult-onset). These growths can sometimes block the airway, causing a hoarse voice or trouble breathing.
How does HPV lead to health problems?
In most cases the virus goes away and it does not lead to any health problems. However, when the virus persists, or does not go away, HPV can cause normal cells to become abnormal and, most of the time you cannot see or feel these cell changes.
• Warts can appear within months after getting HPV.
• Cancer often takes years—even decades—to develop after a person gets HPV.
There is no certain way to know which people infected with HPV will go on to develop cancer or other health problems. However, persons with weak immune systems (including persons with HIV) may be less able to fight off HPV and more likely to develop health problems from it.
How common are HPV and health problems caused by HPV?
HPV (the virus): Approximately 79 million Americans are currently infected with HPV. About 14 million people become newly infected each year. HPV is so common that nearly all sexually-active men and women will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives.
Genital warts: About 360,000 persons in the U.S. get genital warts each year.
Cervical cancer: About 12,000 women in the U.S. get cervical cancer each year.
Other cancers that can be caused by HPV, including some vaginal, vulvar, penile, anal, and oropharyngeal cancers: Each year in the U.S., HPV is thought to cause an estimated
• 2,100 vulvar cancers,
• 500 vaginal cancers,
• 600 penile cancers,
• 2,800 anal cancers in women,
• 1,500 anal cancers in men,
• 1,700 oropharyngeal cancers in women,* and
• 6,700 oropharyngeal cancers in men.*
*Note: Other factors, notably tobacco and alcohol use, may also play a role with HPV to cause these cancers.
About 21,000 of these cancers are potentially preventable by HPV vaccines.
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is very rare. It is estimated that about 820 children get juvenile-onset RRP every year in the U.S.
What is the difference between HPV and HIV?
HPV is a different virus than HIV, and causes different health problems. HPV does not live in the blood cells, but rather lives on the skin. Also, whereas HIV can lead to AIDS, genital HPV can lead to genital warts and certain types of cancer. However, persons with HIV are more likely to get HPV and to develop health problems from HPV. This is especially true for anal cancer.
Does HPV affect a pregnant woman and her baby?
Women who are pregnant can get infected with HPV. Usually these infections do not cause any problems. But sometimes
• HPV leads to genital warts, which can grow during pregnancy. Women with genital warts during the late stages of pregnancy are more likely to have children with warts in the throat, a condition called recurrent respiratory papillomatosis; however, this is a very rare condition.
• Pregnant women can develop cervical cell changes due to HPV. These changes can be detected through routine cervical cancer screening. Women should get routine cervical cancer screening, even during pregnancy.
Is there a test for HPV?
HPV tests are available to help screen women aged 30 years and older for cervical cancer. These HPV tests are not recommended to screen men, adolescents, or women under the age of 30 years. There is no general HPV test for men or women to check one’s overall “HPV status.” Also, there is not an approved HPV test to find HPV in the mouth or throat.
How can HPV be prevented?
There are several ways that people can lower their chances of getting HPV:
• HPV vaccines are recommended for 11- or 12-year-old boys and girls. HPV vaccines are safe and effective, and can protect males and females against some of the most common types of HPV that can lead to disease and cancer. HPV vaccines are given in three shots over six months; it is important to get all three doses to get the best protection. Boys and girls at ages 11 or 12 are most likely to have the best protection provided by HPV vaccines, and their immune response to vaccine is better than older women and men.
o Girls and women: Two vaccines (Cervarix and Gardasil) are available to protect females against the types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers. One of these vaccines (Gardasil) also protects against most genital warts, and has been shown to protect against anal, vaginal, and vulvar cancers. Either vaccine is recommended for 11- and 12-year-old girls, and for females 13 through 26 years of age who did not get any or all of the shots when they were younger. These vaccines can also be given to girls beginning at 9 years of age.
o Boys and men: One vaccine (Gardasil) is available to protect males against most genital warts and anal cancers. Gardasil is recommended for 11- and 12-year-old boys, and for males 13 through 21 years of age who did not get any or all of the shots when they were younger. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men should receive the vaccine through age 26 years. Males 22–26 years of age may also get the vaccine.
• For those who choose to be sexually active, condoms may lower the risk of HPV. Condoms may also lower the risk of developing HPV-related diseases, such as genital warts and cervical cancer. To be most effective, condoms should be used with every sex act, from start to finish. HPV can infect areas that are not covered by a condom – so condoms may not fullyprotect against HPV.
• People can also lower their chances of getting HPV by being in a faithful relationship with one partner; limiting their number of sex partners; and choosing a partner who has had no or few prior sex partners. But even people with only one lifetime sex partner can get HPV, and it may not be possible to determine if a person who has been sexually active in the past is currently infected. Because HPV is so common, and almost every sexually-active person will get HPV at some time in their lives, it is important to protect against the possible health effects of HPV.
Can people prevent health problems caused by HPV?
Yes, there are different prevention strategies for different health problems caused by HPV. HPV vaccines can prevent many diseases and cancers caused by HPV. In addition to vaccination, there are other ways to lower the risk of health problems caused by HPV.
A person can lower their risk of
• Cervical cancer by getting routine screening if they are a woman aged 21–65 years (and following up on any abnormal results);
• Oropharyngeal cancers by avoiding tobacco and limiting alcohol intake; and
• Genital warts by using condoms all the time and the right way.
Is there a treatment for HPV or health problems caused by HPV?
There is no treatment for the virus itself, but there are treatments for the health problems that HPV can cause:
• Genital warts can be removed with treatments applied by the provider or the person himself/herself. No one treatment is better than another. Some people choose not to treat warts, but to see if they disappear on their own. If left untreated, genital warts may go away, stay the same, or grow in size or number.
• Cervical cancer is most treatable when it is diagnosed and treated early. Women who get routine Pap tests and follow up as needed can identify problems before cancer develops. Prevention is always better than treatment. For more information visit http://www.cancer.org .
• Other HPV-related cancers are also more treatable when diagnosed and treated early. For more information visit http://www.cancer.org .
• Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) can be treated with surgery or medicines. Curing RRP can sometimes require many treatments or surgeries over a period of years.
18 Daily Positive Affirmations for Teens
1. I can do whatever I focus my mind on.
2. I am an amazing person.
3. I am very intelligent.
4. I am a fast learner.
5. I am worthy.
6. I deeply love and accept myself.
7. I enjoy learning.
8. Learning is fun and exciting to me.
9. I understand the lessons taught in school completely and quickly.
10. I believe in myself and my abilities.
11. I am able to always see the big picture in things.
12. I have many gifts and talents.
13. I learn from my challenges and can always find ways to overcome them.
14. I am open to possibility.
15. I embrace my fears fully and calmly.
16. I make like-minded friends easily and naturally.
17. I am healthy and am growing up well.
18. I am always a positive person.
“Don’t let what you can’t do stop you from doing what you can do”
Bullying seems like it has become an epidemic these days. I graduated high school in 2001. Not that long ago and from then until now it seems like this Bullying issue has become a trend amongst today’s youth. Back when I was in school we had “riding” sessions where we would talk mess about some one and crack jokes, but it never went to the extreme that we talked about a person so bad they wanted to kill themselves. There was nobody in my elementary, middle or high school who killed themselves over bullying. I even remember often times taken up for people who wouldn’t defend them selves. To me it doesn’t make you tough when you pick on someone scared of you, or somebody who will not fight back. To me this makes you a COWARD that you choose to prey on someone who is vulnerable. I talk to my kids all the time about Bullying just because it has become so relevant with today’s youth. They know not to let ANYONE touch them or continue to pick on them. They know they can come to me at any time, and let me know what’s going on. They also know if they go to their teacher and the situation is not handled when I come to the school there will be a problem. I know a lot of time teens are scared to go to their parents or feel as though they may not understand their situation. So they often try to deal with the situation them selves. Sometimes they feel like dealing with the situation is killing them selves. I want ALL of you youngsta’s out there to know YOUR LIFE IS VALUABLE, God gave you life and placed you on this Earth for a purpose. NEVER let somebody’s WORDS or ACTIONS dictate your life for you. People only have the power that you give them. I tell you one thing about a Bully, Stand up to them just one time and I guarantee they will leave you alone. Bullies are truly weak, insecure individuals who pick on people to make themselves feel better. If you are having an issue with a Bully and need someone to talk to. Please email me @email@example.com. I would be happy to speak with you, encourage you and give you advise on how to handle the situation. Just know I am here!! I love you and God loves you!!
“Only those who are willing to risk going to far can possibly find out how far one can go” Unknown
Kiyanna T. Salters
17 year old Kiyanna T. Salters was the victim of unnecessary violence in Chicago on the night of October 5th, 2008. Two young men got into an argument when one boy bumped into another one. When one of the boy’s got off the bus, he shot into the bus striking 17 year old Kiyanna Salters in the face. This beautiful young sister a senior in high school with her whole life ahead of her was taken away for no reason at all. According to relatives of Kiyanna she loved to play basketball and dance. A family friend Maria Buckley was quoted as saying Kiyanna wanted to become a doctor.This young lady was riding the bus home after coming from visiting a sick aunt. Who knew she would lose her life so sudden and all because somebody’s pride felt tampered with. I watched a video from the celebration of life for this young woman I could do nothing but cry. I felt the burden of her death on my shoulders. Every day I am seeing more stories of our young kids dying in these streets and instead of seeing more people stand up and speak out about this unnecessary violence streak that has taken over the youth I see people more concerned with the next fake ass “reality” show that is coming out. I pray for Kiyanna’s family and all the people of Chicago. There are little kids crying out saying they do not want to die, and you have people running around on a rampage trying to prove they are “gangster” . This world is really pitiful to me. You would think with all these kids dying the parents in Chicago would rally up and start marching the streets and taking their kids back. Our ancestors did not get beat, hung, lynched, raped, spit on, put in jail, endure so much pain to have us losing our kids to guns, drugs and the streets. This young girl could have had a promising productive future and instead she was robbed of her life at the tender age of 17. My prayers go out to all the young people we have lost too soon. In the words of my hero “The good die young” Tupac
Right now in your life I know how you feel, there is so much pressure from family, friends, the media and society to be cool and accepted. I know you feel like your friends are the most important people in the world and what they think about you means more to you then how you feel about yourself. I understand the pressure of having sex, doing drugs, stealing, skipping school, not listening to your parent’s, hanging out late, and getting into trouble. I just want you to understand that you have to learn to follow your own mind and just what you know is right in your heart. A person who is your real true friend will not want to see you get into trouble and will not ask you to do things they know you do not want to do. A real friend will NEVER put you in a compromising situation EVER. Soon enough you will learn that real friends will always respect your decisions and push you to do the right things even if they are doing bad things. Try not to let other people tell you what is right for you. The way I look at life and the decisions I make is like this, on judgement day and I believe in GOD so I think about that day of judgement when God asks me about all the things I did. It will be me,myself and I who has to answer for everything I have done. No one else will be there with me so when I think about that I never let what someone else says or does determine how I live my life. Once you start to understand this you will understand you have to make choices for yourself and not worry about what the next person says or does. If people around you are not there to help you become a better person you should get away from them. If you are having issues with peer pressure and need someone to talk to email me @ firstname.lastname@example.org
“A successful man is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks others have thrown at him.”
~ David Brinkley
I will be posting information on different types of Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STD’s) so that you are aware of the risk you have for catching these diseases, symptoms so you know if you may possibly have one of these diseases and ways to prevent you from catching these diseases. In the times we live in all the teens seem to be sexually active but there seems to be no sexual education being taught to the youth. So here can you find information that can help you if you are sexually active or thinking about becoming sexual active. Remember you can always contact me directly at email@example.com if you have any questions or need to talk to someone about this subject.